Applying the use of shared medical appointments (SMAs) to improve continuous glucose monitor (CGM) use, glycemic control, and quality of life in marginalized youth with type 1 diabetes: Study protocol for a pilot prospective cohort study

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Journal Article

Publication Date



Contemporary clinical trials communications






BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) have been associated with improved glycemic control and diabetes-related quality of life in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D), however use is lowest among youth from low-income households and racial/ethnic minorities. Shared medical appointments (SMAs) have been shown to improve glycemic control and reduce diabetes distress in adolescents with T1D, but a focus on marginalized youth has been lacking. This prospective cohort pilot study will assess feasibility and acceptability of the SMA intervention and impact on CGM uptake and sustained use, glycemic control, and diabetes distress in marginalized youth with elevated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C). METHODS: The pilot study will recruit 20 publicly insured youth with T1D aged 8-12 years who identify as non-Hispanic Black or Latinx and have had at least one HbA1C value > 8% in the past year and their primary caretaker. The trial will employ an enrollment visit, SMA visits every 3 months over a 12-month study period, and a 6-month follow-up observational period. Feasibility measures include proportion of eligible youth successfully recruited for participation, proportion initiating CGM, SMA attendance, and retention through study completion. Acceptability will be assessed using satisfaction surveys. Changes in glycemic control will be assessed using CGM metrics and A1c from baseline to completion of the 12-month SMA intervention, as well as 3 and 6-months after completion of the SMA intervention. CONCLUSION: Implementing SMAs for marginalized youth has the potential to address diabetes disparities by optimizing clinical and psychosocial outcomes for the most vulnerable youth living with T1D.Trial Registration:


Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences