Appearance of medullary and cortical veins on multiphase CT-angiography in patients with acute ischemic stroke

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Clinical neurology and neurosurgery






Angiography; Cerebral veins; Cortical veins; Medullary veins; Stroke


OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if interhemispheric asymmetry of cortical and medullary veins evaluated on CT angiography can provide a more accurate prediction of outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke when compared to hemispheric asymmetry of cortical or medullary vein drainage alone. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a database of patients with anterior circulation distribution acute ischemic stroke, who were evaluated by multiphase CTA. Cortical veins were evaluated using the adopted Prognostic Evaluation based on Cortical vein score difference In Stroke (PRECISE) system. Medullary veins were evaluated by the presence of asymmetry determined by 5 or more medullary veins visualized in one hemisphere as compared to the contralateral. Good clinical outcome was defined as a Modified Rankin Scale of 0-2 at 90 days. RESULTS: 64 patients were included. The adopted PRECISE score was associated with a good clinical outcome in patients with AIS (OR=3.29; 95 % CI: 1.16 - 9.30; p = 0.023) and had a stronger association with clinical outcome (AUC=0.644) as compared to the asymmetry of MV (AUC=0.609). In a multivariable logistic regression model, combined medullary and cortical vein asymmetry were independently associated with clinical outcomes (AUC=0.721). CONCLUSION: Combined cortical and medullary vein interhemispheric asymmetry is a stronger predictor of clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke compared to cortical or medullary vein asymmetry alone.