Title

Platelet Transfusion and In-Hospital Mortality in Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Patients

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-1-2022

Journal

ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)

Volume

68

Issue

10

DOI

10.1097/MAT.0000000000001643

Abstract

Thrombocytopenia is common during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and platelets are sometimes transfused to meet arbitrary goals. We performed a retrospective cohort study of veno-arterial (VA) ECMO patients from a single academic medical center and explored the relationship between platelet transfusion and in-hospital mortality using multivariable logistic regression. One hundred eighty-eight VA ECMO patients were included in the study. Ninety-one patients (48.4%) were transfused platelets during ECMO. Patients who received platelet transfusion had more coronary artery disease, lower platelet counts at cannulation, higher predicted mortality, lower nadir platelet counts, more ECMO days, and more red blood cell (RBC) and plasma transfusion. Mortality was 19.6% for patients who received no platelets, 40.8% for patients who received 1-3 platelets, and 78.6% for patients who received 4 or more platelets ( P < 0.001). After controlling for confounding variables including baseline severity of illness, central cannulation, postcardiotomy status, RBC and plasma transfusion, major bleeding, and total ECMO days, transfusion of 4 or more platelets remained associated with in-hospital mortality; OR = 4.68 (95% CI = 1.18-27.28), P = 0.03. Our findings highlight the need for randomized controlled trials that compare different platelet transfusion triggers, so that providers can better understand when platelet transfusion is indicated in VA ECMO patients.

Department

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

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