Title

Cardiac Effects of COVID-19 Infection, MIS-C, and the Vaccine in Infants and Children: What Is Known and Future Implications

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-28-2022

Journal

American journal of perinatology

DOI

10.1055/s-0042-1757238

Abstract

The cardiac effects of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection on the pediatric heart has become an area of particular interest as elevated cardiac enzymes and abnormalities on echocardiogram and electrocardiogram were seen in a portion of children affected by the virus. In this article, we review the cardiac manifestations of acute COVID-19 infection, multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, and postvaccine myocarditis. The limited research on the effects of COVID-19 on neonates and infants is also reported. KEY POINTS: · Cardiac involvement from MIS-C is much higher than the risk of COVID-19 vaccine-induced myocarditis.. · Neonates and infants have overall been less affected by COVID-19 than adults and older children.. · At this point in time, there is limited research on the cardiac effects of COVID-19 in neonates..

Department

Pediatrics

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