Practical Use of Augmented Reality Modeling to Guide Revision Spine Surgery: An Illustrative Case of Hardware Failure and Overriding Spondyloptosis
Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Augmented reality (AR) is a novel technology with broadening applications to neurosurgery. In deformity spine surgery, it has been primarily directed to the more precise placement of pedicle screws. However, AR may also be used to generate high fidelity three-dimensional (3D) spine models for cases of advanced deformity with existing instrumentation. We present a case in which an AR-generated 3D model was used to facilitate and expedite the removal of embedded instrumentation and guide the reduction of an overriding spondyloptotic deformity. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A young adult with a remote history of a motor vehicle accident treated with long-segment posterior spinal stabilization presented with increasing back pain and difficulty sitting upright in a wheelchair. Imaging revealed pseudoarthrosis with multiple rod fractures resulting in an overriding spondyloptosis of T6 on T9. An AR-generated 3D model was useful in the intraoperative localization of rod breaks and other extensively embedded instrumentation. Real-time model thresholding expedited the safe explanation of the defunct system and correction of the spondyloptosis deformity. CONCLUSION: An AR-generated 3D model proved instrumental in a revision case of hardware failure and high-grade spinal deformity.
Mozaffari, Khashayar; Foster, Chase H.; and Rosner, Michael K., "Practical Use of Augmented Reality Modeling to Guide Revision Spine Surgery: An Illustrative Case of Hardware Failure and Overriding Spondyloptosis" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 1711.