Bioinformatic and experimental methods to identify and validate bacterial RNA-human RNA interactions
Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
RNA; RNA, messenger; bacteria; microbiota; research design
Ample evidence supports the importance of the microbiota on human health and disease. Recent studies suggest that extracellular vesicles are an important means of bacterial-host communication, in part via the transport of small RNAs (sRNAs). Bacterial sRNAs have been shown to co-precipitate with human and mouse RNA-induced silencing complex, hinting that some may regulate gene expression as eukaryotic microRNAs do. Bioinformatic tools, including those that can incorporate an sRNA's secondary structure, can be used to predict interactions between bacterial sRNAs and human messenger RNAs (mRNAs). Validation of these potential interactions using reproducible experimental methods is essential to move the field forward. This review will cover the evidence of interspecies communication via sRNAs, bioinformatic tools currently available to identify potential bacterial sRNA-host (specifically, human) mRNA interactions, and experimental methods to identify and validate those interactions.
Krohmaly, Kylie I.; Freishtat, Robert J.; and Hahn, Andrea L., "Bioinformatic and experimental methods to identify and validate bacterial RNA-human RNA interactions" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 1589.