Bilateral Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy after COVID-19 Vaccination and Infection
Ocular immunology and inflammation
Acute macular neuroretinopathy; COVID-19 infection; COVID-19 vaccination; optical coherence tomography; optical coherence tomography angiography
PURPOSE: To describe a case of acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) in a patient with recent COVID-19 vaccination and infection who demonstrated atypical features on presentation. OBSERVATIONS: A 64-year-old woman presented with central vision loss in both eyes (OU). She had recently received the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine and rapidly developed systemic symptoms. Testing revealed COVID-19 infection. Visual acuities were 20/200 OU and near-infrared reflectance revealed hypo-reflective lesions in the maculae OU, optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed outer nuclear layer thinning and ellipsoid zone disruption OU, and OCT-angiography showed flow voids in the deep capillary plexus and choriocapillaris OU, all consistent with AMN. She was treated with oral prednisone with subsequent mild vision improvement and persistent scotomas. DISCUSSION: COVID-19 associated AMN can present with a more severe clinical presentation than classically seen in AMN. Ischemic and inflammatory changes due to COVID-19 infection may contribute to this more advanced presentation.
Bellur, Sunil; Zeleny, Alexander; Patronas, Marena; Jiramongkolchai, Kim; and Kodati, Shilpa, "Bilateral Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy after COVID-19 Vaccination and Infection" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 1564.