Physicians' Self-reported Exercise Testing and Physical Activity Recommendations in Kawasaki Patients

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Pediatric cardiology




Cardiopulmonary exercise test; Coronary artery aneurysms; Kawasaki disease; Pediatric cardiology; Physical activity


Recommendations for management of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) and coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) include physical activity (PA) promotion. This study aimed to characterize self-reported practices of KD providers to evaluate practice variation in use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and PA recommendations. We developed a REDCap survey with different clinical scenarios of KD patients. It was completed by members of the International Kawasaki Disease Registry (IKDR) and community pediatric cardiologists. Twenty-eight physicians responded; 63% practiced in the US, 63% practiced in an academic setting, 48% were general pediatric cardiologists, and 55% were IKDR members. Most respondents (69%) followed < 50 KD patients. The great majority (93%) agreed that patients with no CAA do not require CPET and could be cleared for all PA. For patients with small CAA, 43% of respondents recommended CPET and 75% cleared for all PA if CAAs regressed completely, but only 32% cleared if CAA persisted. For patients with medium CAA, 66% respondents cleared for PA if CAA regressed, and only 7% if CAA persisted; with 66% and 75% recommending CPET, respectively. For patients with large/giant CAA, 81% of respondents recommended CPET. No respondents felt comfortable clearing their patients with persistent large/giant CAA for PA and 19% would restrict from the entire physical education program. There is practice variation in use of CPET in KD patients with CAAs. Providers are hesitant to promote PA in KD patients with CAA despite known benefits and current guidelines.