Mindfulness-Based Interventions: Focus on Pediatric Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Current diabetes reports




Diabetes; Glycemic Outcomes; Interventions; Mindfulness; Pediatric; Psychosocial


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) focus on promoting nonjudgmental, purposeful awareness of the present experience, and they include specific components such as body scan, meditation, and breathing techniques for healthier coping with stress and reduced negative affect. In adult populations with chronic illness (e.g., type 1 diabetes [T1D], type 2 diabetes [T2D], overweight), MBIs have been shown to improve psychosocial outcomes with some improvements in health outcomes as well. Youth with T1D/T2D frequently experience heightened depression as well as diabetes distress, which are associated with less frequent blood glucose monitoring, insulin administration, and nutrition oversight. Thus, MBIs have potential to alleviate psychosocial distress in youth with T1D/T2D and also improve health outcomes. This paper is a review of the literature on potential psychosocial and health benefits of MBIs for youth with T1D/T2D. RECENT FINDINGS: Among youth with T1D/T2D, MBIs have been shown to reduce symptoms of depression and diabetes distress. Improvements in health outcomes, such as A1c, have been inconsistent across studies. Although research on the efficacy of MBIs to improve psychosocial and health outcomes in youth with T1D/T2D is promising, this area of study is in its early stages. Future investigation of MBIs in youth with T1D and T2D is warranted, recognizing that these are heterogeneous groups with potential benefit of specifically tailored interventions.


Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences