Tralokinumab Plus Topical Corticosteroids as Needed Provides Progressive and Sustained Efficacy in Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis Over a 32-Week Period: An ECZTRA 3 Post Hoc Analysis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



American journal of clinical dermatology








BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of tralokinumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that specifically neutralizes interleukin-13, plus topical corticosteroids (TCS) as needed were evaluated over 32 weeks in the phase III ECZTRA 3 trial. Significantly more tralokinumab- versus placebo-treated patients achieved the primary endpoints of Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) score of 0/1 and 75% improvement in Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI-75) and all confirmatory endpoints at Week 16. OBJECTIVE: This post hoc analysis investigated the impact of tralokinumab plus TCS on atopic dermatitis (AD) severity, symptoms, and health-related quality of life (QoL) over the entire 32-week treatment period of ECZTRA 3, including all patients initiated on tralokinumab irrespective of the response achieved at Week 16. METHODS: Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive subcutaneous tralokinumab 300 mg or placebo every 2 weeks (q2w) with TCS as needed for an initial 16 weeks. At Week 16, patients who achieved the clinical response criteria (IGA 0/1 and/or EASI-75) with tralokinumab were re-randomized 1:1 to tralokinumab q2w or every 4 weeks (q4w), with TCS as needed, for another 16 weeks. Patients not achieving the clinical response criteria with tralokinumab received tralokinumab q2w plus TCS from Week 16. All patients randomized to tralokinumab in the initial treatment period were pooled for this analysis, irrespective of response at Week 16 or dosing regimen beyond Week 16. RESULTS: Continued tralokinumab (q2w, N = 164; q4w, N = 69) plus TCS treatment provided progressive improvements from Week 16 onwards in AD signs, with 70.2% (177/252) of patients achieving EASI-75 and 50.4% (127/252) achieving EASI-90 at Week 32. Improvements in patient-reported outcomes were observed within the first few weeks of tralokinumab q2w plus TCS treatment and were sustained throughout the 32-week period. At Week 32, patients initiated on tralokinumab q2w plus TCS achieved a relative improvement versus baseline of 70.8% (standard error (SE), 2.4) in eczema-related sleep interference numeric rating scale (NRS) and 66.8% (SE, 3.1) in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Mean TCS use during Weeks 16-32 ranged from 9.2 to 13.6 g (SE, 1.2-2.0) q2w. Most patients (89.9% (222/247)) initiated on tralokinumab q2w plus TCS achieved a meaningful improvement in at least one of the three disease domains, including AD signs (EASI-50), symptoms (pruritus NRS improvement ≥ 3), and QoL (DLQI improvement ≥ 4) at Week 16. Of patients initiated on tralokinumab q2w plus TCS, 53.4% (132/247) achieved a clinically meaningful improvement in all three domains at Week 16 (vs. placebo, 28.5% (35/123); p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Continued tralokinumab treatment plus TCS as needed provides progressive and sustained improvements in AD signs, symptoms, and health-related QoL over 32 weeks. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03363854; study start date: 22 February 2018; primary completion date: 8 March 2019; study completion date: 26 September 2019.