Estimating Perfusion Deficits in Acute Stroke Patients Without Perfusion Imaging
ROC curve; humans; ischemic stroke; linear models; perfusion
BACKGROUND: Perfusion weighted imaging (PWI) is critical for determining whether stroke patients presenting in an extended time window are candidates for mechanical thrombectomy. However, PWI is not always available. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintense vessels (FHVs) are seen in patients with a PWI lesion. We investigated whether a scale measuring the extent FHV could serve as a surrogate for PWI to determine eligibility for thrombectomy. METHODS: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) FHV score was developed to quantify the burden of FHV and applied to magnetic resonance imaging scans of stroke patients with fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and perfusion imaging. The NIH-FHV was combined with the diffusion weighted image volume to estimate the diffusion-perfusion mismatch ratio. Linear regression was used to compare PWI volumes and mismatch ratios with estimates from the NIH-FHV score. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to test the ability of the NIH-FHV score to identify a significant mismatch. RESULTS: There were 101 patients included in the analysis, of whom 78% had a perfusion deficit detected on PWI with a mean lesion volume of 47 (±59) mL. The NIH-FHV score was strongly associated with the PWI lesion volume (<0.001; R=0.32; β-coefficient, 0.57). When combined with diffusion weighted image lesion volume, receiver operating characteristic analysis testing the ability to detect a mismatch ratio ≥1.8 using the NIH-FHV score resulted in an area under the curve of 0.94. CONCLUSIONS: The NIH-FHV score provides an estimate of the PWI lesion volume and, when combined with diffusion weighted imaging, may be helpful when trying to determine whether there is a clinically relevant diffusion-perfusion mismatch in situations where perfusion imaging is not available. Further studies are needed to validate this approach.
Reyes, Dennys; Simpkins, Alexis N.; Hitomi, Emi; Lynch, John K.; Hsia, Amie W.; Nadareishvili, Zurab; Luby, Marie; Latour, Lawrence L.; and Leigh, Richard, "Estimating Perfusion Deficits in Acute Stroke Patients Without Perfusion Imaging" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 1272.