Association of Nasopharyngeal and Serum Glutathione Metabolism with Bronchiolitis Severity and Asthma Risk: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study
asthma; bronchiolitis; glutathione; infant; metabolome; oxidative stress; severity
Infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis are at high risk for asthma. Glutathione-related metabolites may antagonize oxidative stress, which induces airway injuries in respiratory infection and subsequent airway remodeling. However, little is known about the relationship of glutathione-related metabolites with bronchiolitis severity and the risk of asthma. In a multicenter prospective observational cohort study of infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis, we measured nasopharyngeal and serum glutathione-related metabolites by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. We then examined their association with bronchiolitis severity (defined by positive pressure ventilation (PPV) use). We also identified severity-related glutathione-related metabolite signatures and examined their association with asthma at age 6 years. In 1013 infants, we identified 12 nasopharyngeal and 10 serum glutathione-related metabolites. In the multivariable models, lower relative abundances of seven metabolites, e.g., substrates of glutathione, including cysteine (adjOR 0.21, 95%CI 0.06-0.76), glycine (adjOR 0.25, 95%CI 0.07-0.85), and glutamate (adjOR 0.25, 95%CI 0.07-0.88), were significantly associated with PPV use (all FDR < 0.05). These associations were consistent with serum glutathione-related metabolites. The nasopharyngeal glutathione-related metabolite signature was also associated with a significantly higher risk of asthma (adjOR 0.90, 95%CI 0.82-0.99, = 0.04). In infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis, glutathione-related metabolites were associated with bronchiolitis severity and asthma risk.
Kyo, Michihito; Zhu, Zhaozhong; Nanishi, Makiko; Shibata, Ryohei; Ooka, Tadao; Freishtat, Robert J.; Mansbach, Jonathan M.; Camargo, Carlos A.; and Hasegawa, Kohei, "Association of Nasopharyngeal and Serum Glutathione Metabolism with Bronchiolitis Severity and Asthma Risk: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 1270.