Title

Relationships between pelvic nerves and levator ani muscle for posterior sacrocolpopexy: an anatomic study

Authors

Grégoire Rocher, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Gynecological and Breast Surgery and Oncology, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, 75013, Paris, France.
Henri Azaïs, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Gynecological and Breast Surgery and Oncology, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, 75013, Paris, France.
Amélia Favier, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Gynecological and Breast Surgery and Oncology, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, 75013, Paris, France.
Catherine Uzan, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Gynecological and Breast Surgery and Oncology, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, 75013, Paris, France.
Mathieu Castela, Scarcell Therapeutics, 101 rue de Sèvres, 75006, Paris, France.
Gaby Moawad, Gynecology Department, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Science, Washington, DC, USA.
Vincent Lavoué, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Gynecology, Rennes Hospital, Rennes University 1, Rennes, France; Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France.
Xavier Morandi, Department of Neurosurgery, Rennes University Hospital, Pontchaillou University Hospital, CHU Pontchaillou, 2 rue Henri Le Guilloux, 35033, Rennes Cedex 9, France.
Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Gynecology, Rennes Hospital, Rennes University 1, Rennes, France; Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France.
Geoffroy Canlorbe, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Gynecological and Breast Surgery and Oncology, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, 75013, Paris, France. geoffroy.canlorbe@aphp.fr.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

6-1-2022

Journal

Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA

Volume

44

Issue

6

DOI

10.1007/s00276-022-02955-2

Keywords

Inferior hypogastric plexus; Laparoscopy; Levator ani muscle; Mesh; Pararectal fossa; Pelvic organ prolapse; Sacrocolpopexy

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The placement of posterior mesh during pelvic organ prolapse laparoscopic surgery has been incriminated as responsible for postoperative adverse outcomes such as digestive symptoms, chronic pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction. These complications may be related to neural injuries that occur during the fixation of the posterior mesh on the levator ani muscle. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to describe the course of the autonomic nerves of the pararectal space and their anatomical relationship with the posterior mesh fixation zone on the levator ani muscle. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty hemi-pelvis specimens from 10 fresh female cadavers were dissected. We measured the distance between the posterior mesh fixation zone on the levator ani, and the nearest point of adjacent structures: the hypogastric nerve, inferior hypogastric plexus, uterosacral ligament, uterine artery, and ureter. Measurements were repeated starting from the inferior hypogastric plexus. RESULTS: Nerve fibers of the inferior hypogastric plexus spread out systematically above the superior aspect of the levator ani muscle. Median distance from the posterior mesh fixation zone and the inferior hypogastric plexus was around 2.8 (range 2.1-3.5) cm. CONCLUSIONS: The inferior hypogastric plexus lies above the superior aspect of the levator ani muscle. A short distance between the posterior mesh fixation zone on the levator ani muscle and inferior hypogastric plexus could explain in part postoperative digestive symptoms. These observations support the development of nerve-sparing procedures for posterior mesh placement in the context of pelvic organ prolapse repair and suggest that postoperative complications could be improved by changing the fixation zone.

Department

Obstetrics and Gynecology

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