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Instructional Material

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Introduction: Since the release of the Institute of Medicine’s To Err Is Human, there has been an increased focus on quality improvement (QI). QI training is now a requirement monitored via ACGME’s clinical learning environment review committees. Given the significant cost of health care waste, teaching physicians to incorporate costs and value into medical decision making is crucial. Increasing information is available on methods to teach high-value care (HVC), but there is little information on combining HVC with QI. As these topics are intimately linked in efforts to provide effective, efficient care, a joint curriculum is a feasible solution.

Methods: We adapted material from two online resources—(1) Institute of Healthcare Improvement Open School and (2) American College of Physicians High Value Cost-Conscious Care Curriculum—to create a combined curriculum for use in a limited-resource setting. Our curriculum is divided into 10 seminars, each including both QI techniques and HVC theories, which are reinforced using a series of patient scenarios. Residents apply their knowledge in self-directed projects presented in the final seminar. Evaluation includes a pre-/postexposure QI knowledge application test, survey of self-assessed knowledge, and anonymous course feedback.

Results: For the 46 residents who completed the series, a statistically significant improvement in both tests was measured, and feedback was positive overall. Tailoring our in-seminar patient scenarios allowed residents to demonstrate their HVC knowledge acquisition.

Discussion: This seminar-based curriculum can be adapted to the time availability in any residency program and transfer to other disciplines with modification of the patient scenarios.

AAMC MedEdPORTAL publication ID 10545. Link to original

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.



A. Literature Review.docx (22 kB)
Literature Review

B. Facilitator Guide.docx (35 kB)
Facilitator Guide

C. Seminar 1 - Introduction to QI & HVC.pptx (919 kB)
Seminar 1 - Introduction to QI & HVC

D. Seminar 2 - Process Maps & RCA.pptx (574 kB)
Seminar 2 - Process Maps & RCA

E. Seminar 3 - Model for Improvement & Measuring for Quality.pptx (2232 kB)
Seminar 3 - Model for Improvement & Measuring for Quality

F. Seminar 4 - Change Management.pptx (172 kB)
Seminar 4 - Change Management

G. Seminar 5 - Communication and Cost.pptx (124 kB)
Seminar 5 - Communication and Cost

H. Seminar 6 - Culture of Safety.pptx (1222 kB)
Seminar 6 - Culture of Safety

I. Seminar 7 - Human Factors Engineering.pptx (581 kB)
Seminar 7 - Human Factors Engineering

J. Seminar 8 - Health Care Costs, Payment Models, & Equity in Delivery.pptx (4795 kB)
Seminar 8 - Health Care Costs, Payment Models, & Equity in Delivery

K. Seminar 9 - Communication After Adverse Events.pptx (91 kB)
Seminar 9 - Communication After Adverse Events

L. Pat Smith Scenarios.docx (29 kB)
Pat Smith Scenarios

M. Resident Handout.docx (122 kB)
Resident Handout



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