Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



J Minim Invasive Gynecol


Resident education; Robotic surgery; Surgical confidence; Surgical education




STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare residents' perceptions of readiness to perform robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy with the perceptions of residency program directors in obstetrics and gynecology programs throughout the United States.

DESIGN: A survey was administered to all residents taking the 2019 Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology Exam and concurrently to program directors in all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited training programs.

SETTING: The survey was designed to assess resident confidence to perform robotic hysterectomies by the time of graduation.

PATIENTS: No patients were included in the study.

INTERVENTIONS: The only intervention was administration of the survey.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: De-identified survey data were analyzed using chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. A total of 5473 resident respondents and 241 residency program directors were included in the study. Fifty-two percent of graduating residents reported that they felt they were given surgical autonomy to perform robotic hysterectomies, and 53.7% reported that they could perform one independently (if it was an "emergency" and they had to). By the time of graduation, only 59% of residents reported confidence performing a robotic hysterectomy, and only 56% reported they felt that it would be an important procedure for their future career. Program directors were significantly more likely to report that their residents were given autonomy to perform robotic hysterectomy by graduation (61.0% [95% confidence interval (CI), 54.3-67.3]), could perform a robotic hysterectomy independently (60.9% [95% CI, 53.9-67.6]), or could perform a robotic hysterectomy by graduation (70.2% [95% CI, 63.5-76.3]) than residents themselves (38.6% [95% CI, 37.2-40.0], 22.8% [95% CI, 21.6-24.0], 62.6% [95% CI, 61.2-64.0], respectively).

CONCLUSION: At the time of graduation, residents' confidence in performing robotic hysterectomy independently is lower than their confidence in performing all other approaches to hysterectomy.


© 2021 AAGL. All rights reserved.

Peer Reviewed


Open Access


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