Traditionally, full-time faculty members have assumed major responsibility for teaching physical examination skills to first- and second-year medical students. Problems with faculty recruitment and adhering to a standardized way of teaching have challenged educators to seek alternatives to teaching the physical examination to novices. To address these problems, we created and implemented a novel curriculum that has standardized the teaching of physical examination skills to novice students by using standardized patient instructors and fourth-year medical students working as an interdisciplinary team (known as a dyad). Feedback after the first iteration of this course revealed confusion about roles, goals, and responsibilities for feedback and evaluation amongst the dyads. To address these issues, an interdisciplinary workshop was created using the theoretical constructs of the GRPI (goals, roles and responsibilities, process, and interpersonal skills) model and Mezirow’s transformative learning theory, both of which address gaps in the dyad relationship. Initial feedback from fourth-year students and standardized patient instructors was enthusiastically positive. Evidence showed the dyad could be strengthened by (1) providing time to learn the theoretical scaffolding underlying working together, (2) meeting and planning approaches to teaching efforts, and (3) enabling medical students and standardized patient instructors to apply the theoretical constructs as the foundation to reflect on their teaching roles in effectively instructing novices in physical exam skills.
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Kittisarapong, T., Blatt, B., Lewis, K., Owens, J., & Greenberg, L. (2016). Interdisciplinary Workshop to Increase Collaboration Between Medical Students and Standardized Patient Instructors in Teaching Physical Diagnosis to Novices. MedEdPORTAL Publications, (). http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10411