Milken Institute School of Public Health Poster Presentations (Marvin Center & Video)

Title

Adverse Childhood Experiences as a Moderating Factor between Healthy Days and Amongst Adults with Obesity

Poster Number

102

Document Type

Poster

Status

Graduate Student - Masters

Abstract Category

Prevention and Community Health

Keywords

mental health; obesity; adverse childhood experiences; BRFSS

Publication Date

4-2017

Abstract

Background
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are known to be linked to a myriad of health consequences. There is also plentiful research finding that people with obesity experience poorer health. Much research has been done finding an association between ACEs and chronic diseases such as obesity; yet there have not been any studies to date examining if there is an interaction between ACEs and BMI that is significantly associated with the number of poor health days an individual experience. This study utilizes secondary analysis of cross sectional Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data to examine this relationship

Methods
A total of 25,085 respondents of the BRFSS survey from years 2009-2015 in 4 different states (Alaska, Arkansas, New Mexico, and Washington) were used during analysis. Descriptive and linear regression analysis were used with weighted data to describe findings.

Results
Analyses show that there is a significant interaction between BMI category and ACE experienced when looking at the outcome of poor health days both before controlling for demographic factors (p value= 0.0145), and after controlling (p value=0.0214).

Conclusion
Future public health interventions must be centered upon holistic prevention of both mental health and chronic disease. Having a high BMI in conjunction with ACEs may result in higher unhealthy days due to an inability to manage the disease effectively. As such, preventative measures against ACEs must take place, and treatment for Obesity must encompass more than dietary and exercise regulations.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Open Access

1

Comments

To be presented at GW Annual Research Days 2017.

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Adverse Childhood Experiences as a Moderating Factor between Healthy Days and Amongst Adults with Obesity

Background
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are known to be linked to a myriad of health consequences. There is also plentiful research finding that people with obesity experience poorer health. Much research has been done finding an association between ACEs and chronic diseases such as obesity; yet there have not been any studies to date examining if there is an interaction between ACEs and BMI that is significantly associated with the number of poor health days an individual experience. This study utilizes secondary analysis of cross sectional Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data to examine this relationship

Methods
A total of 25,085 respondents of the BRFSS survey from years 2009-2015 in 4 different states (Alaska, Arkansas, New Mexico, and Washington) were used during analysis. Descriptive and linear regression analysis were used with weighted data to describe findings.

Results
Analyses show that there is a significant interaction between BMI category and ACE experienced when looking at the outcome of poor health days both before controlling for demographic factors (p value= 0.0145), and after controlling (p value=0.0214).

Conclusion
Future public health interventions must be centered upon holistic prevention of both mental health and chronic disease. Having a high BMI in conjunction with ACEs may result in higher unhealthy days due to an inability to manage the disease effectively. As such, preventative measures against ACEs must take place, and treatment for Obesity must encompass more than dietary and exercise regulations.