Socioeconomic empowerment and HIV testing among Ethiopian women: results from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey.
Adolescent; Adult; Ethiopia; Female; HIV Infections; HIV Testing; Health Surveys; Humans; Middle Aged; Personal Autonomy; Quality of Life; Socioeconomic Factors; Young Adult
HIV testing is a cornerstone for early HIV diagnoses which can improve quality of life, survival, and reduce forward transmission. This study examined socioeconomic determinants of HIV testing among women in Ethiopia using the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The sample was collected using stratified cluster sampling design and was selected in two stages. A total of 15,683 women aged 15-49 completed the survey. For this study, only 8681 participants were included. Kabeer's theoretical framework on women's empowerment was used for variable selection and analysis. Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression modeling were performed. Overall, 52% of the women reported testing for HIV. In the multivariable-adjusted model, education, residence, wealth index, occupation, living arrangement, and healthcare decision making were significantly (
Alemu, D., Haile, Z., Iwelunmor, J., Qiao, S., Messias, D., & Conserve, D. F. (2021). Socioeconomic empowerment and HIV testing among Ethiopian women: results from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey.. AIDS care, 33 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1761517