Fish oil supplementation and urinary oxalate excretion in normal subjects on a low-oxalate diet

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Journal Article

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© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Objective To determine if fish oil supplementation reduces endogenous oxalate synthesis in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods Fifteen healthy non-stone-forming adults participated in this study. Subjects first abstained from using vitamins, medications, or foods enriched in omega-3 fatty acids for 30 days. Next, they collected two 24-hour urine specimens while consuming a self-selected diet. Subjects consumed an extremely low-oxalate and normal-calcium diet for 5 days and collected 24-hour urine specimens on the last 3 days of this diet. Next, the subjects took 2 fish oil capsules containing 650-mg eicosapentaenoic acid and 450-mg docosahexaenoic acid twice daily for 30 days. They consumed a self-selected diet on days 1-25 and the controlled diet on days 26-30. Twenty-four-hour urine samples were collected on days 28-30. Excretion levels of urinary analytes including oxalate and glycolate were analyzed. Results Although there was a significant reduction in urinary oxalate, magnesium, and potassium excretions and an increase in uric acid excretion during the controlled dietary phases compared with the self-selected diet, there were no significant differences in their excretion during controlled diet phases with and without fish oil supplementation. Conclusion These results suggest that fish oil supplementation does not reduce endogenous oxalate synthesis or urinary oxalate excretion in normal adults during periods of extremely low oxalate intake. However, these results do not challenge the previously described reduction in urinary oxalate excretion demonstrated in normal subjects consuming a moderate amount of oxalate in conjunction with fish oil.

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