Title

Reliability and Variability Assessment of Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm Measurements Between Pre- and Postprocessed B-mode Ultrasound Images

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

5-1-2020

Journal

Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Volume

36

Issue

3

DOI

10.1177/8756479320908213

Keywords

femoral artery pseudoaneurysms; iatrogenic false aneurysm; image processing; pulsatile hematoma; vascular sonography

Abstract

© The Author(s) 2020. Objective: To assess the reliability and variability of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (FAP) measurements between pre- and postprocessed sonograms acquired in a major medical center in Saudi Arabia as compared with results obtained from a major medical center in the United States. Methods: Retrospective image analysis was conducted on 23 FAP sonograms, which were evaluated by four observers. Observers measured FAP sac and neck from pre- and postprocessed images and remeasured again after 2 weeks, to avoid recall bias. Results: The use of image processing was more profound for the novice observers in measuring FAP neck width and length. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for FAP neck width improved after segmentation from 0.63 to 0.91; in contrast, the ICC improved from 0.91 to 0.97 for experts. The average ICCs for FAP neck length improved from 0.40 to 0.79 for novices and from 0.86 to 0.95 for experts. The largest variation of values, within observers, were for neck length obtained from the original images. The range varied from 0.16 to 0.37 cm and was reduced to 0.10 to 0.18 cm with segmented images. Conclusion: As demonstrated previously, sonographic image processing resulted in increased reliability and decreased variability for FAP measurements.

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