Antegrade continent enema management of chronic fecal incontinence in children
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Antegrade continent enema; Fecal incontinence
Background/Purpose: Fecal incontinence impedes social and psychological development in children. Conventional bowel management with rectal enemas, medication, and biofeedback frequently will provide intervals free of fecal soiling sufficient for children to be socially continent. Methods: This report details the improvement achieved by antegrade irrigation of the colon when conventional bowel management programs have failed to provide satisfactory intervals free of fecal soiling. Twenty-three children had conduits performed to administer antegrade continent enemas in the colon from December 1993 to May 1997. Results: Twenty of the children were available for evaluation. One child was lost to follow-up, and two were noncompliant with the irrigation program. Fourteen of the 20 children are out of diapers. Four of the six wearing diapers, do so for urinary, not fecal incontinence. Two patients (10%) still require diapers for fecal incontinence. Parents were pleased with the efficacy of antegrade irrigation and the decrease in family stress with the elimination of fecal soiling. Conclusions: Ninety percent of the children available for follow-up benefited from antegrade irrigations of the colon. The antegrade irrigations were an improvement over conventional bowel management programs because a predictable interval free of soiling could be established. This allowed families to plan activities and improved the self-esteem of their children.
Meier, D., Foster, M., Guzzetta, P., & Coln, D. (1998). Antegrade continent enema management of chronic fecal incontinence in children. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 33 (7). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3468(98)90549-8