Laparoscopic splenectomy for metastatic squamous cell cancer of the neck
Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) spreads through direct extension, lymphatic vessels, and, rarely, hematogenous routes. The most common malignancies to metastasize to the spleen include carcinomas of the breast, lung, and melanoma. We present an unusual case of SCC of the neck with splenic metastases. The patient presented with a primary solid tumor of the neck that extended into the surrounding soft tissues, including the internal jugular vein and regional lymph nodes. A metastatic work-up with a positron emission tomograph showed enhancement in the left upper quadrant. A computed tomograph (CT) was then performed. The CT revealed three distinct splenic lesions, the largest measuring 6 × 6.5 × 2.5 cm. Subsequently, the patient was scheduled for a splenectomy. At the time of operation, diagnostic laparoscopy revealed only the splenic lesions. A laparoscopic splenectomy was performed successfully and the patient was started on a regular diet on postoperative day 1. This paper describes the first documented case of SCC of the neck with splenic metastases. The lesion was diagnosed and treated laparoscopically. The case is described in detail along with the clinical implications of this rare finding. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Raval, M., Zemon, H., Kumar, S., & Brody, F. (2005). Laparoscopic splenectomy for metastatic squamous cell cancer of the neck. Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A, 15 (4). http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2005.15.383