Title

Robotic right colectomy for colon cancer: Comparison of outcomes from a single institution with the acs-nsqip database

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2019

Journal

Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques

Volume

29

Issue

1

DOI

10.1089/lap.2018.0358

Keywords

Colon cancer; Right colon resection; Robotic-assisted surgery

Abstract

© 2019, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2019. Background: Robotic surgery has increased in recent years for the treatment of colorectal cancer; however, it is not yet the standard of care. This study aims to compare the 30-day outcomes after robotic colectomy for right-sided colon cancer from our institution with those from a national dataset, the targeted colectomy American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. Methods: Patients undergoing elective, robotic, right colon resection for stage I, II, and III colon cancer were identified within the targeted colectomy ACS-NSQIP database from 2012 to 2014. Patients meeting the same criteria were identified within a prospectively maintained institutional database from 2009 to 2015. Univariate analyses using chi-square tests and Student's t-tests were done where appropriate to compare baseline characteristics and outcomes between the two groups. Results: Patients at our institution had a significantly higher average number of lymph nodes retrieved (24.4 versus 20.1, P = .046). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the incidence of wound infections, anastomotic leaks, blood transfusions, unplanned return to the operating room, or prolonged length of hospital stay. There were no 30-day mortalities at our institution and only one in the ACS-NSQIP database. Conclusions: Our institutional experience with robotic right colon resection is equivalent to that of a national sample. This study demonstrates the safety of performing robotic right hemicolectomy for the treatment of colon cancer.

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