Impact of Operative Times and Mesh Utilization on Paraesophageal Hernia Repair: Analysis of 30-Day Outcomes from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project Database

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques








hiatal hernia; mesh; paraesophageal hernia


© Copyright 2019, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2019. Background: Using mesh to buttress the crural repair following a paraesophageal hernia repair remains controversial. This article evaluates recent trends in laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repairs and analyzes the impact of mesh and operative time on postoperative morbidity. Methods: The 2013-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried for elective laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair with and without mesh. Operative times were grouped into quartiles and statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance univariate with post hoc testing and multivariate regression modeling. The outcomes of interest were composite morbidity scores and readmission rates within 30 days of surgery. Results: The database identified a cohort of 6234 laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repairs. Mesh was utilized in 42% of cases per year and did not change over the study period (P = .367). Mesh was used 37%, 40%, 43%, and 49% of the time within operative quartiles 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively (P < .001). Postoperative morbidity and readmission rates for each operative time quartile were 2.8%, 4.1%, 5.42%, and 6.13% (P < .001) and 4.4%, 5%, 6.2%, and 7.6% (P = .001), respectively. Post hoc testing indicated statistically significant differences in postoperative morbidity and readmission rates between quartiles 1 and 3/4. Multivariate regression analysis documented operative time as a risk factor for postoperative morbidities and readmission. Simply using mesh was not directly associated with postoperative morbidity. Conclusion: Mesh utilization does not impact postoperative outcomes; however, as operative time increases, the incidence of postoperative morbidity also increases.

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