Title

Postoperative complications after common femoral endarterectomy

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Journal

Journal of Vascular Surgery

Volume

61

Issue

6

DOI

10.1016/j.jvs.2015.01.024

Abstract

© 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery. Background Common femoral endarterectomy (CFE) for limited arterial occlusive disease is considered a fairly low-risk operation of short duration. This study investigated the timing of 30-day outcomes as they related to hospital discharge and predicted the risk of operative mortality of this procedure. Methods All patients in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database who underwent isolated CFE between 2005 and 2010 were selected for the test sample. We identified postoperative mortality and morbidities occurring before and after hospital discharge. A risk calculator for 30-day mortality, developed in the test sample using logistic regression, was validated in a new sample of cases from 2011 to 2012. Results A total of 1843 CFEs reported from 2005 to 2010 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The average operative time was 146 ± 69.5 minutes (median, 133; interquartile range, 98-179 minutes), and 10% of patients needed to return to the operating room. The average length of stay was 4 ± 7.5 days (median, 3; interquartile range, 2-5 days); 91% of patients were discharged ≤1 week of surgery. Occurrences of cardiovascular events, renal dysfunction, and pulmonary complication were relatively low. There was 3.4% mortality and 8% wound-related complications, 30% and 86% of which occurred after hospital discharge, respectively. Overall, there was a 15% risk of combined mortality/morbidity, and >60% of these events occurred after discharge. The independent predictors of 30-day mortality were age, nonindependent functional status, preoperative dialysis, sepsis, emergency status, and American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification 4 or 5, and the association between risk strata and death in the validation sample was strong (φ = 0.29) and significant (P <.001). Conclusions CFE is not as "benign" a procedure as previously believed. The risks of death and wound complications are not insignificant, and a high percentage of these complications occurred after patients were discharged from the hospital. Patients should be carefully selected, especially in the elderly population, and close postoperative follow-up should be considered.

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