Title

A dialectical behavior therapy skills intervention for women with suicidal behaviors in rural Nepal: A single-case experimental design series

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-1-2018

Journal

Journal of Clinical Psychology

Volume

74

Issue

7

DOI

10.1002/jclp.22588

Keywords

dialectical behavior therapy; emotion regulation; global mental health; Nepal; single-case experimental design; suicidality

Abstract

© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Suicide in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) accounts for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality and is the leading single cause of death among Nepali reproductive age women. To advance treatment for suicidal behaviors in LMICs, a single-case experimental design (SCED) was conducted of a culturally adapted Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills intervention for Nepali populations (DBT-N). Method: Ten Nepali women with histories of suicidality participated in the 10-session intervention. Outcomes of emotion regulation, suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, resilience, and coping skills use were measured at multiple time points pre-intervention, during, and at follow-up. Qualitative interviewing assessed DBT-N's feasibility and acceptability. Results: Participants showed improvements in emotion regulation over the course of treatment, which were associated with increased skills use. Rapid, sustained reductions in suicidal ideation and improvements in resilience were observed after DBT-N initiation. Conclusion: This SCED supports conducting further evaluation of DBT-N through controlled trials with emotion regulation as a target mechanism of action for reducing suicidal behaviors in LMICs.

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