Title

Synaptic activation of hypoglossal respiratory motorneurons during inspiration in rats

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

11-8-2002

Journal

Neuroscience Letters

Volume

332

Issue

3

DOI

10.1016/S0304-3940(02)00957-6

Keywords

Acetylcholine; Cholinergic; Gap junctions; N-methyl-D-aspartate; Nicotine; Non-N-methyl-D-aspartate

Abstract

Recent work has suggested glutamatergic and cholinergic synapses, and electric coupling may be involved in the activation of hypoglossal motorneurons during inspiration, however their relative importance is unknown. In this study we examined the excitatory inputs to hypoglossal motorneurons in a brainstem slice preparation. Focal application of D-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate significantly inhibited a long lasting inward current evoked during inspiration. 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione completely blocked the post-synaptic currents that increased in frequency and amplitude during inspiration and also reduced the long lasting inward current. Nicotinic receptors and gap junctional communication, blocked by D-tubocurare and carbenoxolone, respectively, contributed significant but smaller inputs to hypoglossal motorneurons during inspiration. In summary, non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors constitute the largest excitatory drive to hypoglossal neurons during inspiration, while NMDA, nicotinic receptors and gap junctions are also actively involved. © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS