Feasibility of telerobotic microsurgical repair of corneal lacerations in an animal eye model
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
We evaluated the feasibility of telerobotic microsurgical repair of corneal lacerations. The telerobotic microsurgical device consisted of a Robotic Slave Micromanipulator Unit (RSMU) coupled to a Telepresence Surgical System (TeSS). Five mm central full-thickness corneal wounds were fashioned in five enucleated rabbit eyes and repaired remotely using the telerobotic system. Five additional eyes were also repaired by hand using a standard technique. The primary outcome measure was creation of a watertight seal. All eyes in both groups maintained an intraocular pressure (IOP) of 25mm Hg without leak. The mean repair time was 80 min (range 50-130) with telerobotic surgery compared to 8 min (range 7-9) by hand. Histological evaluation showed that suture placement was similar in robotically assisted repair and manual repair. Subjectively, the telerobotic system provided adequate three-dimensional visualization of the surgical field. The study showed that a surgeon could close standardized corneal wounds using the telerobotic system. The potential benefits of remote eye surgery include improved access, surgical teleconsultation and telementoring.
Mines, M., Bower, K., Nelson, B., Ward, T., Belyea, D., Kramer, K., & Thach, A. (2007). Feasibility of telerobotic microsurgical repair of corneal lacerations in an animal eye model. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 13 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/135763307780096177