Single Daily Icodextrin Exchange as Initial and Solitary Therapy

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis








Incremental dialysis; adequacy; kinetic modeling; peritoneal dialysis


BACKGROUND: Incremental dialysis utilizes gradually increasing dialysis doses in response to declines in residual kidney function, and it is the preferred renal replacement therapy for patients who have just transitioned to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Incremental peritoneal dialysis (PD) may impose fewer restrictions on patients' lifestyle, help attenuate lifetime peritoneal and systemic exposure to glucose and its degradation products, and minimize connections that could compromise the sterile fluid path. In this study, we utilized a 3-pore kinetic model to assess fluid and solute removal during single daily icodextrin treatments for patients with varying glomerular filtration rates (GFR). METHODS: Single icodextrin exchanges of 8 to 16 hours using 2- and 2.5-L bag volumes were simulated for different patient transport types (i.e., high to low) to predict daily peritoneal ultrafiltration (UF), daily peritoneal sodium removal, and weekly total (peritoneal + residual kidney) Kt/V (Kt/V) for patients with residual renal GFRs ranging from 0 to 15 mL/min/1.73 m. RESULTS: Daily peritoneal UF varied from 359 to 607 mL, and daily peritoneal Na removal varied from 52 to 87 mEq depending on length of icodextrin exchange and bag volume. Both were effectively independent of patient transport type. All but very large patients (total body water [TBW] > 60 L) were predicted to achieve adequate dialysis (Kt/V ≥ 1.7) with a GFR of 10 mL/min/1.73 m, and small patients (TBW: 30 L) were predicted to achieve adequate dialysis with a GFR of 6 mL/min/1.73 m. CONCLUSIONS: A single daily icodextrin exchange can be tailored to augment urea, UF, and Na removal in patients with sufficient residual kidney function (RKF). A solitary icodextrin exchange may therefore be reasonable initial therapy for some incident ESRD patients.