Title

Development and validation of a scale assessing spiritual needs for korean patients with cancer

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2008

Journal

Journal of Palliative Care

Volume

24

Issue

4

DOI

10.1177/082585970802400403

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a scale assessing the spiritual needs of Korean patients with cancer. For the scale development, qualitative interviews and theoretical analyses were conducted to extract measurable constructs within the Korean culture. As a result, 26 items were developed for the validation of a scale. The scale was administered to 257 cancer patients; the reliability and validity of the scale were examined using Cronbach's alpha and factor analysis, respectively. The reliability was 0.92. The results of factor analysis revealed five subconstructs: love and connection, hope and peace, meaning and purpose, relationship with God, and acceptance of dying. Given these subconstructs, suggestions are provided for future studies. Spirituality has been shown to be important in the lives of patients with chronic disease. Therefore, having a scale which adequately assesses patients' spiritual needs is critical to determining how to address these needs in a clinical setting. © 2008 Centre for Bioethics, IRCM.

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