COMPLICATIONS OF STENTINGOF UPPER URINARY TRACT
Urologii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia : 1999)
Restoring the passage of urine through the upper urinary tract routinely is achieved by installing of external or internal drainage. Due to its objective advantages, internal drainage has been successfully used in surgery of the upper urinary tract. This review outlines the problems associated with the use ofinternal stents, namely difficultyin installation, migration, and reflux and stent obstruction, bacterial colonization of the stent, the development of functional and morphological changes in the drained segment of urinary tract.
Shkodkin, S., Kogan, M., Lyubushkin, A., & Miroshnichenko, O. (2015). COMPLICATIONS OF STENTINGOF UPPER URINARY TRACT. Urologii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia : 1999), (1). Retrieved from https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/smhs_medicine_facpubs/4444