Title

Increased mitochondrial activity in renal proximal tubule cells from young spontaneously hypertensive rats

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Journal

Kidney International

Volume

85

Issue

3

DOI

10.1038/ki.2013.397

Keywords

mitochondria; oxygen consumption rate; pyruvate dehydrogenase complex; renal proximal tubule; systolic blood pressure

Abstract

Renal proximal tubule cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), compared with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), have increased oxidative stress. The contribution of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to the subsequent hypertensive phenotype remains unclear. We found that renal proximal tubule cells from SHR, relative to WKY, had significantly higher basal oxygen consumption rates, adenosine triphosphate synthesis-linked oxygen consumption rates, and maximum and reserve respiration. These bioenergetic parameters indicated increased mitochondrial function in renal proximal tubule cells from SHR compared with WKY. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activity was consistently higher in both renal proximal tubule cells and cortical homogenates from SHR than those from WKY. Treatment for 6 days with dichloroacetate, an inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, significantly increased renal pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activity and systolic blood pressure in 3-week-old WKY and SHR. Therefore, mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation is higher in renal proximal tubule cells from SHR compared with WKY. Thus, the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is a determinant of increased mitochondrial metabolism that could be a causal contributor to the hypertension in SHR. © 2013 International Society of Nephrology.

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