Title

Improving the understanding of schistosomiasis among adolescents in endemic areas in Brazil: A comparison of educational methods

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-1-2016

Journal

Patient Education and Counseling

Volume

99

Issue

10

DOI

10.1016/j.pec.2016.04.010

Keywords

Health education; Schistosomiasis; School age children; Teaching strategies

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of two teaching strategies, both guided by the concept of dialogicity, on adolescents’ knowledge about schistosomiasis and adherence to diagnostic fecal testing. Methods Two teaching strategies related to schistosomiasis were developed, an educational video and group conversation, which were tested in two groups of students aged 10–15 years old. Before and after the intervention, a questionnaire was applied to assess participants' knowledge about schistosomiasis and, after the intervention, two fecal samples were requested from each participant. Comparisons were performed by paired t- and McNemar tests. Results Both strategies resulted in statistically significant improvements in knowledge between the pre- and post-tests. Students who watched the video had a higher return rate of fecal samples and percentage of correct questionnaire answers, mainly on questions about schistosomiasis infection. Conclusion Teaching strategies based on dialogue favored the construction of concepts about schistosomiasis that can influence the adoption of positives attitudes related to health. Practical implications Using teaching strategies based on the concept of dialogicity can favor the increase of knowledge of school age children about schistosomiasis and can influence behavioral change related to health.

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