Title

Discovering Sublanguages in a Large Clinical Corpus through Unsupervised Machine Learning and Information Gain

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

12-1-2019

Journal

Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019

DOI

10.1109/BigData47090.2019.9006492

Keywords

clinical text; information gain; k-means clustering; relative entropy; sublanguages

Abstract

© 2019 IEEE. Sublanguages are domain-centered subsets of general or colloquial language. Their identification drives several language analysis tasks, but it is difficult to discern separate sublanguages in large clinical corpora. We applied k-means clustering of semantic properties, and a novel implementation of relative entropy as an information gain indicator, to identify sublanguages within a large clinical corpus (~1.6 million documents), visualizing the results in a heat map. Patterns both within and across clusters reveal sublanguage trends. These findings are significant in sublanguage analysis, and have implications on both regional and international levels.

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