Title

Multinational Analysis of Children Transfused With Pathogen Inactivated Platelets

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-1-2022

Journal

Hospital pediatrics

Volume

12

Issue

3

DOI

10.1542/hpeds.2021-006284

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pathogen inactivated (PI) platelets are a technological advancement in blood safety; however, the pediatric experience is not well characterized. We studied pediatric patients who received transfusions of PI platelets across several centers and countries to determine if transfusion reaction rates differed when compared with conventional platelets. METHODS: This is a retrospective multisite study conducted during 2 time periods. The study period started at the time each site began using PI platelets on a widespread basis, and the control period was a similar timespan before PI introduction. Suspected acute transfusion reactions were compared. RESULTS: The study included 3839 pediatric patients who were 0 to 18 years of age who received >7930 platelet transfusions, in total, across 4 centers in 3 countries between 2013 and 2019. The age distribution of patients in the study and control period was not significantly different (P = .190). There was not a difference in the percentage of patients who had any type of transfusion reaction between the time periods (1.0% and 1.1%, P = .803). There were fewer patients with mild allergic reactions in the study period compared with the control period (0.2% and 0.7% of patients with reactions, respectively, P = .018). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric patients have the same rate of acutely suspected transfusion reactions when receiving PI or conventional platelet transfusions. Subgroup analysis found fewer mild allergic reactions in the study period, which was contemporaneous to the addition of using platelet additive solution more broadly. Future studies of PI platelets should include children to better assess transfusion efficacy and hemostatic outcomes.

Department

Pathology

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