Title

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Receipt of Sexual Health Care and Education Among A Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescent Females

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

8-1-2022

Journal

Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities

Volume

9

Issue

4

DOI

10.1007/s40615-021-01079-4

Keywords

Adolescents; Contraception; Pregnancy prevention; Race/ethnicity

Abstract

OBJECTIVE(S): The USA has a high rate of adolescent pregnancy, with non-Hispanic (NH) Black and Hispanic women disproportionately affected. We sought to investigate the presence of racial/ethnic disparities in the receipt of sexual health (SRH) care and education and whether such disparities contribute to differences in sexual health outcomes for youth. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study of females aged 15-21 years who participated in the National Survey of Family Growth from 2008 to 2015. Multivariable logistic regression was used to measure the association between race/ethnicity and SRH outcomes after adjustment for potential confounders. Models were developed to measure whether receipt of SRH care and education served as an effect modifier on SRH outcomes. RESULTS: The sample included 4316 participants, representing 33.5 million females. Almost half (47.2%) received birth control services in the last 12 months; NH-Blacks (aOR 0.7 [0.5, 0.9]) and Hispanics (aOR 0.6 [0.5, 0.8]) were less likely to have obtained birth control services than NH-whites. Hispanics (aOR 1.5 [1.2, 1.9]) had a higher likelihood of receipt of condom education than NH-whites. We found that disparities in SRH outcomes were slightly mitigated after adjustment for access to SRH care and education. CONCLUSIONS: We identified racial/ethnic disparities in sexual health outcomes and in SRH and education; however, SRH care and education can mitigate some of these differences in sexual behaviors and outcomes. Racial/ethnic differences in sexual health outcomes may be at least partially related to the differential receipt of sexual health care and education and deserve further investigation.

Department

Pediatrics

Share

COinS