Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume 287, Issue 47
Fibroblasts--metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation--physiology; Lipoproteins--biosynthesis; Signal Transduction--physiology; Thromboplastin--biosynthesis; p21-Activated Kinases--metabolism
Tissue factor (TF) is a cell-surface glycoprotein responsible for initiating the coagulation cascade. Besides its role in homeostasis, studies have shown the implication of TF in embryonic development, cancer related events, and inflammation via coagulation-dependent and -independent (signaling) mechanisms. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) plays an important role in regulating TF-initiated blood coagulation. Therefore, transcriptional regulation of TF expression and its physiologic inhibitor TFPI, would allow us to understand the critical step that control many different processes. From a gene profiling study aimed to identify differentially regulated genes between wild type (WT) and p21-activated kinase 1-null (PAK1-KO) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), we found TF and TFPI are differentially expressed in the PAK1-KO MEFs in comparison to wild-type MEFs. Based on these findings, we further investigated in the present study the transcriptional regulation of TF and TFPI by PAK1, a serine/threonine kinase. We found that PAK1/c-Jun complex stimulates the transcription of TF and consequently, its procoagulant activity. Moreover, PAK1 negatively regulates the expression of TFPI and thus, additionally, contributes to increased TF activity. For the first time, this study implicates PAK1 in coagulation processes, through its dual transcriptional regulation of TF and its inhibitor.
Sánchez-Solana, B., Motwani, M., Li, D. -., Eswaran, J., & Kumar, R. (2012). p21-activated kinase-1 signaling regulates transcription of tissue factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(47), 39291-39302.