Arab-American; Acculturation; Discrimination; Well-being; Risk Factors
Although Arab-Americans often face various health challenges due to the stress associated with immigration, cultural conflict in the U.S., and limited knowledge of the complex U.S. health system, there is a paucity of research examining health risks and behaviors among this ethnic group. This cross-sectional study assessed the health needs among Arabs living in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Participants were recruited to take the survey online, reporting on health care access and utilization, risk behaviors, and health status. It also measured for associations between reported depression, discrimination, acculturation, and health. Quantitative analysis showed correlations between age and current tobacco use, however no differences between men and women. Depression was significantly correlated with gender, age, and place of birth. Men were more likely to report having diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension than women. Results suggest that health promotion programs for Arabs in the DC area may help reduce health risks.
Ghoneim, RN, Vyas, AN. (2012, March). A health needs assessment of Arab-Americans in the Washington, DC area. Poster session presented at the annual George Washington University Research Day, Washington, DC.