School of Medicine and Health Sciences Poster Presentations

Poster Number

339

Document Type

Poster

Keywords

zika; KAP; microcephaly; mosquito

Publication Date

Spring 2017

Abstract

Introduction:

Zika virus emergence in the western hemisphere has prompted the critical need for tailored risk counseling. Our team created a KAP survey in order to assess provider and patient awareness of Zika virus symptoms, transmission, treatment, and current and future concerns in order to inform local risk counseling efforts.

Methods:

The cross-sectional survey was issued in Medical Faculty Associates (MFA) clinics and via online link to healthcare providers and community members. The REDCap Data Collection tool was used to capture responses with subsequent SAS data analysis.

Results:

A total of 172 responses were collected. Most respondents (97%) were aware of a link between Zika virus and microcephaly. 89% think that a vaccine is important. 52% will restrict travel to Zika endemic regions. 51% will take mosquito protective measures in the US versus 91% in Zika endemic areas. 35% of pregnant women would abstain from sex if their partners traveled to a Zika endemic area whereas 25% would if they themselves were the traveler. 37% plan to delay pregnancy and 58% are concerned about eventually having a child with microcephaly. Of the healthcare providers sampled, about one-fifth could not identify Zika infection symptoms, 16% were unaware of symptom treatment options and 5.4% did not know that Zika virus could be passed transplacentally. 34% believed DEET to be unsafe in pregnancy and 52% were unsure about permethrin safety in pregnancy.

Of the 172 survey respondents, most (97%) were aware of a link between Zika virus and microcephaly. 89% think that a vaccine is important. 52% would restrict travel to Zika endemic regions. 51% would practice mosquito safety in the US versus 91% in Zika endemic countries. 35% of pregnant women would abstain from intercourse if their partners traveled to Zika endemic areas whereas 25% would if they themselves were the traveler. 37% plan to delay pregnancy and 58% worry about future children with microcephaly. Of the healthcare providers, 20% could not identify Zika infection symptoms, 16% were unaware of symptom treatment options, 5% were unaware that Zika virus passes transplacentally, and 34% believed DEET to be unsafe in pregnancy.

Conclusion:

The survey results provide novel insight into the KAP of patients and healthcare providers regarding Zika virus. This data will be used to optimize information distribution to our community, address large knowledge gaps in both patients and providers, and prepare medical providers to offer needed counseling.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Open Access

1

Comments

Poster presented at GW Annual Research Days 2017.

 

Healthcare Provider and Patient Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Regarding Zika Virus

Introduction:

Zika virus emergence in the western hemisphere has prompted the critical need for tailored risk counseling. Our team created a KAP survey in order to assess provider and patient awareness of Zika virus symptoms, transmission, treatment, and current and future concerns in order to inform local risk counseling efforts.

Methods:

The cross-sectional survey was issued in Medical Faculty Associates (MFA) clinics and via online link to healthcare providers and community members. The REDCap Data Collection tool was used to capture responses with subsequent SAS data analysis.

Results:

A total of 172 responses were collected. Most respondents (97%) were aware of a link between Zika virus and microcephaly. 89% think that a vaccine is important. 52% will restrict travel to Zika endemic regions. 51% will take mosquito protective measures in the US versus 91% in Zika endemic areas. 35% of pregnant women would abstain from sex if their partners traveled to a Zika endemic area whereas 25% would if they themselves were the traveler. 37% plan to delay pregnancy and 58% are concerned about eventually having a child with microcephaly. Of the healthcare providers sampled, about one-fifth could not identify Zika infection symptoms, 16% were unaware of symptom treatment options and 5.4% did not know that Zika virus could be passed transplacentally. 34% believed DEET to be unsafe in pregnancy and 52% were unsure about permethrin safety in pregnancy.

Of the 172 survey respondents, most (97%) were aware of a link between Zika virus and microcephaly. 89% think that a vaccine is important. 52% would restrict travel to Zika endemic regions. 51% would practice mosquito safety in the US versus 91% in Zika endemic countries. 35% of pregnant women would abstain from intercourse if their partners traveled to Zika endemic areas whereas 25% would if they themselves were the traveler. 37% plan to delay pregnancy and 58% worry about future children with microcephaly. Of the healthcare providers, 20% could not identify Zika infection symptoms, 16% were unaware of symptom treatment options, 5% were unaware that Zika virus passes transplacentally, and 34% believed DEET to be unsafe in pregnancy.

Conclusion:

The survey results provide novel insight into the KAP of patients and healthcare providers regarding Zika virus. This data will be used to optimize information distribution to our community, address large knowledge gaps in both patients and providers, and prepare medical providers to offer needed counseling.

 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.